Garganega originates in the Veneto region of North West Italy. It is well known as a vigorous high yielding variety and needs careful management in the vineyard.
According to this book, Gargenega is the 79th most common variety in terms of area planted globally.
Garganega is best known for producing the popular Italian white wine Soave.
Soave is a dry white wine from several DOCG regions in Veneto that must contain at least 70% Garganega. Trebbiano or Malvasia are common blending partners with Garganega in Soave.
Soave wines used to be thin acidic and fairly neutral. at least at the cheaper end. Nowadays they tend to be a little richer with light aromatics, especially when blended.
Recent DNA profiling has revealed that Garganega is genetically identical to the Sicilian variety Grecanico Dorato. Under this name in Sicily it is used alone and in blends to make quality dry white wines.
Garganega is also as a parent for many other important Italian wine grape varieties.
There are a few Australian growers and winemakers interested in this variety, but it has yet to make an impact on the Australian scene.
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