The climate of the region is heavily influenced by altitude. At the southern end higher altitudes and cooler climate makes for a different sub-region, but attempts to get formal recognition of this fact have so far failed.
The varietal profile of the vines grown in the King Valley have an Italian bias, reflecting the region's history. For many years this area was a tobacco growing area. Many of the tobacco farmers were of Italian origin. From the late 1970's favourable government policies and subsidies to the tobacco industry were phased out. Alternative crops were needed and the area under grapes has steadily expanded.
Two wineries, a large one and a small one, deserve special mention. Brown Brothers is one of the largest family owned wine producers in the country. For decades they have had an extensive program of trialing new varieties. Many have graduated through from being Cellar Door Release only to full commercial release. Some of these varieties are grown at company vineyards in other regions, notably at Mystic Park near Swan Hill and at Heathcote.
One small winery of note in the region is Symphonia. This winery and its vineyards were owned by Peter Read who pioneered a number of varieties in the region, in particular Petit Manseng and Saperavi. The winery is now operated by Sam Miranda who has kept the distinctive black and white Symphonia label for his alternative varietals.
A range of microclimates is available from the slightly warmer valley floors to the bracingly cool upper slopes. Thus there is a wide range of varietal wines produced. Visitors to this region have no excuse if the restrict their tasting to traditional varieties and styles.
Other wineries source fruit from this region, notably the Mornington Peninsula's Dromana Estate which produces the 'i' range of Italian varietals.
It can be reached from Melbourne in under three hours by car. It is also possible to make a detour through the region on trips between Melbourne and Sydney.
The tourism infrastructure is well developed. The region lies astride the Snow Road which carries traffic to the nearby winter resorts. There is an emphasis on the production and sale of high quality gourmet foods, most notably Milawa cheeses and mustards.
This wine region is one of great scenic beauty. The landscape is dominated by the mountains of the Great Dividing Range. Victoria's major snowfields are in this area. Much of the higher country is protected by National Parks. The valleys have rich soils and a favourable climate suitable for a variety of agricultural uses including viticulture.
If you are making an extended visit to this region, which is highly recommended, you will find many accommodation and restaurant options in some of the wineries and in the nearby towns of Wangaratta, Milawa, Beechworth and Myrtleford.