# Created on 05/06/2023 2:52:42 PM
The Swan Valley is a picturesque wine region is on the outskirts of the city of Perth in Western Australia and is part of the much larger Swan District.
The climate is here quite hot so many of the wineries actually source some of their grapes from cooler wine regions of Western Australia outside the region.
There have been several phases in the history of viticulture and winemaking in this region. Houghtons (established 1836) and Sandalford (1840) are among the oldest wineries in Australia.
During the 20th Century new immigrants, both before and after the Second World War, many from the former Yugoslavia, established vineyards in the region.
Over the past couple of decades many new wineries have been established, while older vineyards which formerly emphasised fortified and bulk wines have been renewed and are now used to produce premium table wines.
Chenin Blanc and Verdelho were among the mainstream varieties in this region. Both of these grape varieties produce reliably in the hot climate, although they have reputations for producing fairly nondescript wines when over cropped. Nowadays more winemakers and consumers are demanding quality rather than quantity from the vineyards so the general standard of wines from these varieties is improving.
Zinfandel is a popular alternative red wine variety in Western Australia, and several Swan Valley wineries are using it. Late ripening Petit Verdot would also seem to have potential here as well. Over recent years a few growers have begun using Tempranillo.
Over the past decade there has been an acceleration in the use of alternative varieties in this region.
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