This is a red wine wine variety originating in Northern Portugal. Its more correct name is Vinhao, but that name is not used in Australia. There are many other synonyms many are variants on the name Souzao.
Most wine grape varieties, including red wine varieties have pale flesh. It is the skins that give colour. A few varieties, notably Saperavi and Alicante Bouschet have red flesh as well as red skins. These red fleshed varieties are called <i>Tienturier</i> varieties.
The flesh of Souzao is pale, but the colours of the skins are so intense that it looks like it a Tienturier.
In Northern Portugal Sousao is used in to make red Vinho Verde.
The <i>Verde</i> part of the name means green in the sense of young or unripe. Most Vinho Verde is white, or indeed pale yellowish green. You can also get a rose version. And you also get Red Vinho Verde. It is a light red wine made principally with Sousao.
A little further south in the Douro Valley region, Sousau is used to make port style wines and also table wines, usually in blends to add colour and fresh acidity.
In Spain Sousao is grown in the Galicia region, and is known locally as Tinta Pais.
No doubt most Australian plantings of the variety were established with a view to making fortified wines. In more recent years the varity has found its way into blended dry red wine.
For example Burge Family Winemakers in the Barossa make a Shiraz/Souzao blend, while the iconic Yarra Yerring Dry Red No 3 is a blend of Touriga, Tinta Cão, Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo), Trincadeira, Alvarelhão and Souzão
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